Understanding the Importance of Agency Law Disclosure Form in Real Estate Transactions


In the intricate world of real estate transactions, transparency and clear communication are essential. As an experienced real estate professional, I often encounter questions from clients regarding various forms and documents used in the process. One of those forms that frequently generates queries is the “Agency Law Disclosure“. In this article, we will explore the purpose and importance of this form in real estate transactions, shedding light on its role in establishing a reliable and legally compliant transaction.

Defining the “Agency Law Disclosure” Form

The “Agency Law Disclosure” form is a crucial document designed to outline and clarify the agency relationship between a real estate agent or broker and their client(s). This form is required in many states, including California, as part of the real estate transaction process. Its primary purpose is to provide clients with a comprehensive understanding of the types of agency relationships available and the responsibilities associated with each.

Establishing Clarity in Agency Relationships

Real estate transactions involve several parties, including buyers, sellers, agents and brokers. It is essential to establish clarity regarding the roles and responsibilities of these parties to prevent misunderstandings or potential conflicts of interest. The Agency Law Disclosure form accomplishes this by:

  1. Explain Agency Options: The form details the different agency relationships, such as seller's agent, buyer's agent, dual agent, and subagent. This empowers clients to make informed decisions about the type of representation they want.
  2. Disclosure of Duties: The form describes the duties and obligations that agents have towards their clients. For example, a buyer's agent has a fiduciary duty to protect the interests of the buyer, while a seller's agent works to secure the best terms for the seller.
  3. Dual Agency Disclosure: If applicable, the form discloses the possibility of Dual Agency, where one agent represents both the buyer and the seller. This scenario requires total transparency due to the possible existence of conflicts of interest.
  4. Informed consent: By signing the form, clients acknowledge their understanding of the agency relationship in which they are participating. This ensures that customers make decisions based on a complete understanding of the agent's role.

Legal Compliance and Protection

Beyond improving transparency, the Agency Law Disclosure form serves as a crucial legal document that protects both clients and agents. Helps prevent legal disputes that may arise from misunderstandings about the agency relationship, duties or obligations. When clients are fully informed about their representation, the likelihood of future claims of misrepresentation or negligence is reduced.

Here is a basic example of an Agency Law Disclosure form that could be used in a real estate transaction:

[Name of Real Estate Company] Agency Law Disclosure Form

Customer name: __________________________ Date: __________________________

Agency Relationships:

In connection with the real estate transaction that is underway, it is important that you understand the different agency relationships that are available to you as a client. [State] state law requires real estate agents to clearly disclose these relationships to ensure a transparent and fair transaction.

1. Buyer's Agent:

If you choose to work with a buyer's agent, your agent will have a fiduciary responsibility to protect your interests and obtain the best purchasing terms on the property. The buyer's agent will strive to negotiate in your best interest and provide you with advice to make informed decisions.

2. Seller's Agent:

If you work with a seller's agent, this agent will have a fiduciary responsibility to represent and protect the seller's interests. The seller's agent will work to obtain the best sales conditions for the seller and facilitate the transaction.

3. Dual Agency:

In some situations, an agent can represent both the buyer and the seller in a transaction. This is known as dual agency. Although the dual agent will work impartially, it is important to recognize that conflicts of interest may arise in this scenario.

4. Sub-agent:

A subagent agent acts on behalf of the seller's agent. The subagent agent also has a fiduciary responsibility to protect the seller's interests.

Understanding and Consent:

By signing this form, you acknowledge that you have read and understand the various agency relationships described above. You understand that you have the option to choose the agency relationship that best suits your needs and objectives in this transaction.

Client's signature: __________________________ Date: __________________________

Agent Signature: __________________________ Date: __________________________

This form is provided for your knowledge and understanding. If you have any questions or need clarification regarding agency relationships, please do not hesitate to contact us.

This example is a general guide and may vary depending on the laws and regulations of each state. It is always advisable to use current, authorized versions of agency disclosure forms provided by your local real estate board or association of agents.

Key points typically addressed on the form in California:

  1. Types of Agency Relationships: The form should describe the different agency relationships available in a real estate transaction, such as buyer's agent, seller's agent, dual agency, and subagent.
  2. Duties and Obligations: It should clarify the duties and obligations that an agent has toward his or her clients in each type of agency relationship. This includes the responsibility to protect the client's interests, provide advice and act with diligence.
  3. Conflict of Interest Disclosure: The form should highlight the potential for conflicts of interest in dual agency situations, where one agent represents both the buyer and the seller in the same transaction.
  4. Informed consent: Clients must sign the form to indicate that they have read and understand the different agency relationships and their implications. This confirms that they are making an informed decision.
  5. Signatures and Dates: Both the client and the agent must sign the form, indicating their agreement with the terms of the agency disclosure. Signature dates are also important to record when the information was provided.
  6. Contact for Questions: The form typically provides contact information for the agent or agency, allowing customers to ask additional questions or request clarification about the disclosure.
  7. Alternatives and Options: The form can highlight other options available to clients if they do not wish to work under a specific agency relationship, such as agentless transactions or with legal advice.
  8. Changes in the Agency Relationship: It may include information about how changes in the agency relationship will be handled if the client decides to change its representation during the transaction process.
  9. Legal compliance: The form must ensure compliance with state laws and regulations regarding agency disclosure by providing accurate and up-to-date information.

Please remember that the exact information and details on the form may vary depending on state law and specific real estate board guidelines. It is important to obtain the official, up-to-date form from a trusted source in your state.


In the dynamic world of real estate, where trust and transparency are the pillars of successful transactions, the “Agency Law Disclosure” form plays an indispensable role. As a real estate professional committed to providing exceptional service, I emphasize the importance of this form in safeguarding clients' interests and ensuring a smooth and ethically sound transaction process. By prioritizing completion of the Agency Law Disclosure form, both agents and clients contribute to a transaction based on integrity and mutual understanding.

Legal and Tax Disclaimer

Please be advised that the content presented in this blog is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. The articles and information provided here are written from the perspective of a real estate agent affiliated with Keller Williams, and do not represent legal or tax counsel.

As the author, I am a licensed real estate professional under Keller Williams, holding Brokerage DRE License Number: #02197031. However, it is important to note that my expertise is in the field of real estate, and not in legal or tax matters. The insights and opinions shared on this blog are based on my experiences and knowledge in the real estate industry and should be treated as general guidance rather than definitive legal or tax advice.

For specific legal or tax concerns relating to any real estate transactions or investments, readers are strongly encouraged to consult with a qualified attorney or tax advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your individual circumstances and the latest legal and regulatory requirements.

The information on this blog is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, and I, along with Keller Williams and its affiliates, disclaim all liability for any loss, damage, or misunderstanding arising from reliance on the information contained herein.

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