Success Story: Escrow Closing Status in Real Estate Transactions

This case illustrates the key concepts involved in the escrow closing statement and clarifies some important points.


The escrow closing status in a typical purchase transaction establishes the debits and credits for both the buyer and the seller. The correct answer is that a credit to the seller could include the sale price of the property. Let's see why:

Debits and Credits in Escrow Closing Status

  1. Debits: Debits are what a party must pay to successfully complete the purchase transaction. This can include various costs, such as taxes, closing fees, and other expenses related to the purchase.
  2. Credits: Credits are what a party will receive before the closing of the transaction. This may include income such as deposits, loans and other financial adjustments.

Examples of Debits and Credits

A) Credit for the Seller: The sales price of the property is typically a credit that the seller will receive before escrow closes. For example, if the buyer is purchasing a condominium for $1,000,000, the seller will receive this amount as a credit before escrow closes.

B) Credit for the Buyer: A new mortgage loan, whether from an institutional lender or through seller financing, is considered credit to the buyer. In this case, if ABC Mortgage Lending, Inc. lends the buyer $800,000, the buyer only needs to pay $200,000 to complete the purchase of the $1,000,000 condo.

C) Credit for the Seller: Prepaid property taxes are a credit to the seller. For example, if the seller has paid property taxes for the entire tax year, and the buyer moves out before the end of the tax year, the buyer must refund a portion of those prepaid taxes to the seller.

D) Debit for the Buyer: A discount point is an initial fee paid to the lender to lower the interest rate on a new loan. If the buyer pays one or more discount points to the lender, this is considered a debit to the buyer as it increases his or her closing costs.


This case provides concrete examples of what elements may constitute credits or debits for the parties involved in a real estate transaction. This knowledge is essential to providing professional and accurate service to clients during the escrow closing process.

Legal and Tax Disclaimer

Please be advised that the content presented in this blog is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. The articles and information provided here are written from the perspective of a real estate agent affiliated with Keller Williams, and do not represent legal or tax counsel.

As the author, I am a licensed real estate professional under Keller Williams, holding Brokerage DRE License Number: #02197031. However, it is important to note that my expertise is in the field of real estate, and not in legal or tax matters. The insights and opinions shared on this blog are based on my experiences and knowledge in the real estate industry and should be treated as general guidance rather than definitive legal or tax advice.

For specific legal or tax concerns relating to any real estate transactions or investments, readers are strongly encouraged to consult with a qualified attorney or tax advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your individual circumstances and the latest legal and regulatory requirements.

The information on this blog is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, and I, along with Keller Williams and its affiliates, disclaim all liability for any loss, damage, or misunderstanding arising from reliance on the information contained herein.

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