The Case of the Purchase Option: Exercise of Rights and Obligations

There are contracts and agreements that allow the parties involved to buy or sell properties in the future. One of these agreements is the “option to purchase“, which gives a potential buyer the opportunity to purchase a property at an agreed price at a later time. Let's explore Maria's case involving a call option and understand how it is resolved.

The Initial Agreement

María Carboy buys a house from Jimmy Schmidt and, at the same time, obtains a “option to purchase” which allows you to acquire an adjacent lot for $10,000 within 1 year. This means that Mary has the right, but not the obligation, to purchase that specific land at that price during the agreed upon period.

The Change of Circumstances

A few months later, María Carboy decides to exercise her option and informs Jimmy Schmidt that she is ready to buy the lot for $10,000. However, Schmidt reveals to her that he has received an offer from another party for $12,000 and that he is willing to accept it unless Maria is willing to match that offer.

The Resolution of the Case

In this case, the purchase option that María Carboy obtained is a legally binding contract (enforceable), as long as you have provided “consideration” for it. The consideration (consideration) is a legal term that refers to the value or benefit that a party provides in exchange for a contract. If Mary paid or provided something of value (money or other consideration) to obtain the purchase option, the contract is valid.

Since Maria has a valid purchase option contract, has the right to purchase the lot for $10,000, as originally agreed. Schmidt cannot change the terms of the contract unilaterally after Maria has decided to exercise her option.

Creating an Enforceable Purchase Option Contract: Importance of Consideration

For a call option contract to be valid and enforceable, certain key elements must be present. One of these elements is “consideration,” which is essential to ensure that the contract is legal and enforceable. Let's take a closer look at how it works and why it is so important.

Valuable Consideration and Right to Buy

In the context of a call option contract, consideration is an essential component. Consideration refers to the value or benefit that one of the parties involved provides in exchange for the purchase option. In this case, the party that acquires the purchase option is called “optionee” (optionee), and the party granting the option is called the “option” (optionor).

Key Elements of a Purchase Option Contract:

  • Right to Buy: A purchase option contract gives the optionee the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a specific property on previously agreed terms and conditions. This right is the core of the contract and is what distinguishes a call option contract from other agreements.
  • Valuable Consideration: For the purchase option contract to be legally binding, it is essential that the optionee provide valuable consideration to the option. This consideration can take various forms, but usually involves the payment of money or some other benefit that has value. The consideration is what makes the contract “equitable” and creates a legal bond between the parties.

The Value of the Consideration:

The consideration may vary in value and form, but must exist for the purchase option contract to be valid. It may consist of a sum of money paid by the optionee to the optionor, a good faith deposit, a commitment to purchase the property at a specific price or any other element that has a real and demonstrable value.

The Importance of Consideration

The consideration/consideration In a purchase option contract it is essential because it demonstrates the serious commitment of the optionee to exercise his right to purchase the property. Furthermore, it guarantees that the optionor is willing to keep the offer open for the agreed upon period of time. In short, consideration is an essential component that makes the purchase option contract legally valid and enforceable.

A purchase option contract is a valuable real estate agreement that gives the optionee the right to purchase property in the future. For this contract to be legally enforceable, it must include valuable consideration provided by the optionee. Consideration is a crucial element that demonstrates the serious commitment of both parties to the agreement and ensures that the agreed terms are met.


In this case, María Carboy has the legal right to purchase the lot for $10,000, since she has a valid purchase option contract. The offer of $12,000 received by Jimmy Schmidt does not affect his ability to exercise his rights under the initial contract. In short, Schmidt is obligated to sell to Carboy for the agreed price of $10,000, provided he has provided consideration for the option.

Legal and Tax Disclaimer

Please be advised that the content presented in this blog is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. The articles and information provided here are written from the perspective of a real estate agent affiliated with Keller Williams, and do not represent legal or tax counsel.

As the author, I am a licensed real estate professional under Keller Williams, holding Brokerage DRE License Number: #02197031. However, it is important to note that my expertise is in the field of real estate, and not in legal or tax matters. The insights and opinions shared on this blog are based on my experiences and knowledge in the real estate industry and should be treated as general guidance rather than definitive legal or tax advice.

For specific legal or tax concerns relating to any real estate transactions or investments, readers are strongly encouraged to consult with a qualified attorney or tax advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your individual circumstances and the latest legal and regulatory requirements.

The information on this blog is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, and I, along with Keller Williams and its affiliates, disclaim all liability for any loss, damage, or misunderstanding arising from reliance on the information contained herein.

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