Real Estate Disclosures: What Buyers and Sellers Need to Know

Real estate disclosures are a fundamental part of any property purchase or sale transaction. These disclosures provide buyers and sellers with crucial information about a property, allowing them to make informed decisions. In this article, we will explore the most important disclosures in the real estate business, when they are required and how they can affect all parties involved.

What are Disclosures in Real Estate?

Real estate disclosures are legal documents that provide information about a property. Its purpose is to reveal any defects or major issues that may affect the value or habitability of the property. These documents protect both buyers and sellers, ensuring that all parties have access to accurate and transparent data.

The Most Important Disclosures

  1. Lead Disclosure: This disclosure is required for properties built before 1978 in the United States. You should inform buyers of the possible presence of lead-based paint in the property and the associated risks. Failure to provide this disclosure may result in significant penalties.
  2. Disclosure of Property Conditions: This document details the current condition of the property, including any known defects. It is essential for buyers to understand the condition of the property before finalizing the purchase.
  3. Seller Disclosure: In this disclosure, the seller reveals information about the property that may not be apparent to the buyer. This may include previous repairs, flood history, structural problems, among others.
  4. Agency Disclosure: This document establishes the relationship between the real estate agent and his client. Clarify whether the agent represents the buyer, the seller, or both parties in the transaction.
  5. Environmental Disclosure: If the property has been exposed to certain hazardous substances or pollutants, this disclosure should disclose any known environmental problems. This may include soil contamination, the presence of asbestos, or exposure to harmful chemicals.
  6. Homeowners Association Disclosure: If the property is part of a homeowners' association, this disclosure provides information about the rules, regulations and dues associated with membership in the association.
  7. Property History Disclosure: This document lists the history of previous sales and ownership changes of the home. Helps buyers better understand the property and its history.
  8. Disclosure of Homeowners Association Dues: If the property is located in a community governed by a homeowners' association, this document discloses the monthly dues and the services covered by those dues.
  9. Special Evaluation Disclosure: In some cases, there may be special assessments planned for repairs or improvements in the homeowner's association community. This disclosure notifies buyers of such future evaluations.
  10. Disclosure of Special Conditions: This is a space to disclose any special or exceptional conditions affecting the property, such as existing lease agreements or use restrictions.

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Here you can see 10 of the most important disclosures to take into account:\

Importance of Disclosures

The importance of disclosures in real estate lies in their ability to protect both buyers and sellers. Buyers gain vital information about the property they are considering purchasing, allowing them to make informed decisions and avoid unpleasant surprises after the purchase. For sellers, disclosures help mitigate the risk of future lawsuits by providing a complete and honest view of the property.


Real estate disclosures are an essential part of any property purchase or sale transaction. They provide transparency and protection to all parties involved in the process. For buyers, these documents are a valuable tool for making informed decisions. For sellers, they are a way to avoid future legal problems. Ultimately, understanding and complying with the disclosures are crucial to a successful and smooth real estate transaction.

Legal and Tax Disclaimer

Please be advised that the content presented in this blog is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. The articles and information provided here are written from the perspective of a real estate agent affiliated with Keller Williams, and do not represent legal or tax counsel.

As the author, I am a licensed real estate professional under Keller Williams, holding Brokerage DRE License Number: #02197031. However, it is important to note that my expertise is in the field of real estate, and not in legal or tax matters. The insights and opinions shared on this blog are based on my experiences and knowledge in the real estate industry and should be treated as general guidance rather than definitive legal or tax advice.

For specific legal or tax concerns relating to any real estate transactions or investments, readers are strongly encouraged to consult with a qualified attorney or tax advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your individual circumstances and the latest legal and regulatory requirements.

The information on this blog is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, and I, along with Keller Williams and its affiliates, disclaim all liability for any loss, damage, or misunderstanding arising from reliance on the information contained herein.

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